Alter, Robert.  The Five Books of Moses. W. W. Norton & Company, New York, London, 2004

Fox, Everett.  The Five Books of Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. New York, Shocken Books, 1997.

Friedman, Richard Elliot.  A Commentary on the Torah. New York, HarperCollins, 2001

Henry, Matthew. Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Whole Bible. New Jersey, Fleming H. Revell Company

Josephus, Flavius.  Josephus, The Complete Works. Tennessee, Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1998

New American Standard Bible, Updated Edition. Foundation Publications. California, 1995

Plaut, W. Gunther. The Torah, A Modern Commentary. New York, 2006.

Radmacher, Earl D. Th.D., Allen, Ronald B. Th.D. and House, Wayne H., Th.D., J.D.  Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Commentary.  Nashville, Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1999

Scherman, Rabbi Nosson, and Zlotowitz, Rabbi Meir.  The Chumash, The Stone Edition. New York, Mesorah Publications, Ltd., 2000